I don't understand the motivation behind the fundamental theorem, and I'm wondering if you could say a bit more about it. In particular, it suggests that if I want to propose a family of probability distributions that "represent" observations somehow ("represents" maybe means in the sense of Bayesian predictions or in the sense of frequentist limits), I want to also consider this family to arise from some underlying mutually independent family along with some function. I'm not sure why I would want to propose an underlying family and a function at all, and... (read more)
Hmm, I am not sure what to say about the fundamental theorem, because I am not really understanding the confusion. Is there something less motivating about the fundamental theorem, than the analogous theorem about d-seperation being equivalent to conditional independence in all distributions comparable with the DAG?
Maybe this helps? (probably not): I am mostly imagining interacting with only a single distributions in the class, and the claim about independence in all probability distributions comparable with the structure can be replaced with instead indep... (read more)