Scaling Laws

Applied to My ML Scaling bibliography by gwern at 3mo


Scaling laws graph](


Scaling Laws refer to the observed trend of some machine learning architectures (notably transformers) to scale their performance on predictable power law when given more compute, data, or parameters (model size), assuming they are not bottlenecked on one of the other resources. This has been observed as highly consistent over more than six orders of magnitude.

![Scaling laws graph](

Graph from Scaling Laws for Neural Language Models

Created by leogao at 8mo