CBiddulph

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This post seems interesting and promising, thanks for writing it!

The most predictable way zero-sum competition can fail is if one of the models is consistently better than the other at predicting.

I think this could be straightforwardly solved by not training two different models at all, but by giving two instances of the same model inputs that are both slightly perturbed in the same random way. Then, neither instance of the model would ever have a predictable advantage over the other.

For instance, in your movie recommendation example, let's say the model takes a list of 1000 user movie ratings as input. We can generate a perturbed input by selecting 10 of those ratings at random and modifying them, say by changing a 4-star rating to a 5-star rating. We do this twice to get two different inputs, feed them into the model, and train based on the outputs as you described.

Another very similar solution would be to randomly perturb the internal activations of each neural network during training.

Does this seem right?

I was talking about ELK in a group, and the working example of the SmartVault and the robber ended up being a point of confusion for us. Intuitively, it seems like the robber is an external, adversarial agent who tries to get around the SmartVault. However, what we probably care about in practice would be how a human could be fooled by an AI - not by some other adversary. Furthermore, it seems that whether the robber decides to cover up his theft of the diamond by putting up a screen depends solely on the actions of the AI. Does this imply that the robber is "in kahoots" with the AI in this situation (i.e. the AI projects a video onto the wall instructing the robber to put up a screen)? This seems a bit strange and complicated.

Instead, we might consider the situation in which the AI controls a SmartFabricator, which we want to arrange carbon atoms into diamonds. We might then imagine that it instead fabricates a screen to put in front of the camera, or makes a fake diamond. This wouldn't require the existence of an external "robber" agent. Does the SmartVault scenario have helpful aspects that the SmartFabricator example lacks?