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Really appreciated this post and I'm especially excited for post 13 now! In the past month or two, I've been thinking about stuff like "I crave chocolate" and "I should abstain from eating chocolate" as being a result of two independent value systems (one whose policy was shaped by evolutionary pressure and one whose policy is... idk vaguely "higher order" stuff where you will endure higher states of cortisol to contribute to society or something). 

I'm starting to lean away from this a little bit, and I think reading this post gave me a good idea of what your thoughts are, but it'd be really nice to get confirmation (and maybe clarification). Let me know if I should just wait for post 13. My prediction is that you believe there is a single (not dual) generator of human values, which are essentially moderated at the neurochemical level, like "level of dopamine/serotonin/cortisol".  And yet, this same generator, due to our sufficiently complex "thought generator", can produce plans and thoughts such as "I should abstain from eating chocolate" even though it would be a dopamine hit in the short-term, because it can simulate forward much further down the timeline, and believes that the overall neurochemical feedback will be better than caving into eating chocolate, on a longer time horizon. Is this correct? 

If so, do you believe that because social/multi-agent navigation was essential to human evolution, the policy was heavily shaped by social world related pressures, which means that even when you abstain from the chocolate, or endure pain and suffering for a "heroic" act, in the end, this can all still be attributed to the same system/generator that also sometimes has you eat sugary but unhealthy foods?

Given my angle on attempting to contribute to AI Alignment is doing stuff to better elucidate what "human values" even is, I feel like I should try to resolve the competing ideas I've absorbed from LessWrong: 2 distinct value systems vs. singular generator of values. This post was a big step for me in understanding how the latter idea can be coherent with the apparent contradictions between hedonistic and higher-level values.